Your trains "bounce" as they pass through turnouts becaues those turnouts have flange-bearing frogs which serve to guide the wheels through the throat of the frog by their flanges. As the wheel flanges pass through the throat of the frog they are ramped up as they pass the point of the frog and are ramped back down again.
Prototypically, flange bearing frogs are used on street railways where wheel treads might otherwise be able to fall into the throat of the frog thus causing a derailment.
On my trolley layout, my LGB streetcar has 3mm deep flanges. The "bounce" was so distracting that I filed my AristoCraft frogs down to a depth of 3mm whic allowed smooth operation through the frogs; no bounce; no wheel drop either.
Hope that helps.
I have 100+ 022 switches and a lot of Lionel post war rolling stock, and I never had any problem with derailments or bouncing going through these switches. I have run some newer stuff like a MTH 2-8-8-2 Rail King through the 022 switches without a problem. Can't imagine what is going on with your stuff. The 022 switches are well designed and extremely reliable.
If your wheels have flanges differing in size from the Lionel post war stuff, then I imagine you will have trouble. You didn't specify what you are running.
Lionel O72 switches should work fine with Lionel or similar Postwar equipment. The problems you are describing indicate there is another issue in play here. What type of locomotive are you running through these switches? Some Marx and Prewar Lionel have gears on the wheels that interfere with the frogs on the switches.